Monthly Archives: January 2014

New Rules Focused On Energy Efficiency in 2014

2014 will likely continue the momentum of energy efficiency goals being brought about by regulation, with more government legislatures looking to impose such rules. Federal legislation seems possible (of course, with Congress as it is, who knows?) and further presidential dictates are expected. Municipalities and states, given the early success of existing mandatory programs, are expected to actively produce legislation in 2014 that will impact many different types of companies and facilities.

In Congress, the proposed Energy Savings and Industrial Competitiveness Act (ESIC) was chock full of common-sense provisions. It was endorsed by them all: Republicans, Democrats, business, labor and environmental groups. Yet, only a small portion of it, mainly portions directing federal agencies to collect data or reduce barriers to deploy energy efficiency technologies, are in effect. These various groups have asked both Houses to address the rest of the provisions, which will reward businesses for implementing energy efficiency technologies and provide more American jobs.

Among other things, ESIC would create a Supply Star program in the USDOE to boost the efficiency of industrial supply chains, increase industrial research, allow on-site technical assessments to identify opportunities for maximizing energy efficiency, and establish rebate programs for facilities procuring upgraded energy efficient equipment.

The IRS’s Energy Policy Act rule (EPAct) expired on Dec. 31, 2013, meaning buildings reducing their energy usage can no longer qualify for a federal tax deduction. Last year, a bi-partisan group wanted to extend and strengthen EPAct to provide greater potential tax savings. However, Congress being Congress, it did not pass. There is hope that the extension will pass in the first months of this year and be retroactive to Jan. 1, 2014.

The USDOE is expected to publish rules on battery chargers and external power supplies, potentially setting efficiency standards equal to those of California. Amended DOE standards for residential room air conditioners will become mandatory on June 1, 2014 and for refrigerators, refrigerator-freezers, and freezers on Sept. 14, 2014. The USDOE has published a notice of proposed rulemaking for standards for various commercial and industrial electric motors with a Feb. 4, 2014 deadline for comments.

DOE is expected to consider drafting efficiency rules for other products in 2014, such as commercial packaged boilers; commercial refrigeration equipment; walk-in coolers and freezers; automatic commercial icemakers; ellipsoidal reflectors, bulged reflectors, and small diameter incandescent reflector lamps; new and renovated federal buildings; solar hot water heaters; and manufactured housing. The USDOE is expected to decide some time in 2014 whether to regulate the energy efficiency of computers and servers.

This brings up the question of what bases will the USDOE use to set minimum energy efficiency standards on any type of equipment. How will the agency balance availability of technology with cost and specific local concerns? Will the agency use the “social cost of carbon” (SCC) in its standards rulemakings? SCC is expected to result in stricter minimum efficiency standards in future rules than not using SCC, and this may trigger a political battle. The Office of Management and Budget will likely get involved in SCC.

The Energy Star program, a voluntary program operated jointly by the USDOE and USEPA, is expected to undergo changes this year. The USEPA has issued new Energy Star criteria for different types of computers, effective on June 2, 2014, and is reviewing several potential amended Energy Star specifications for televisions; clothes washers; central and room air conditioners and air-source heat pumps; and boilers.

A number of states and municipalities are expected in 2014 to act aggressively on energy efficiency rules to save consumers costs, reduce infrastructure upgrade needs, and reduce GHG emissions. For example, California is expected to promulgate robust energy efficiency rules in 2014 for consumer electronics (computers, displays, game consoles, network equipment, and set-top boxes); lighting (fluorescent dimming ballasts, LEDs, and multifaceted reflector lamps); faucets, toilets, urinals, and water meters; commercial clothes dryers; and other appliances. California authorities are also expected to establish administrative processes to enforce these and existing equipment energy efficiency standards, including procedures for assessing penalties for violations.

Cities, such as New York City, Seattle, and San Francisco, have in recent years established mandatory benchmarking and/or energy auditing standards. In New York City, all buildings larger than 50,000 sf must benchmark energy bills (electric, gas, and oil), and perform ASHRAE Level II and retro-commissioning studies once every ten years. The results of the energy audit, which normally contain potentially expensive strategies to reduce energy use, are not required to be implemented. However, the results of retro-commissioning, usually no or low-cost operational upgrades of existing equipment, are required to be implemented. Seattle requires benchmarking, while San Francisco requires benchmarking plus energy audits every five years. A number of other municipalities, such as Washington, DC, Philadelphia, Chicago, and Boston, and states are reviewing the early results of these rules to determine the amount of energy reduced, the reduction in GHG emissions they have achieved, the cost savings and other secondary benefits (reduced traffic, reduced infrastructure needs, building and business growth, etc.), and how such rules may be implemented in their areas.

CCES has the experts to help you keep track of energy efficiency legislation – federal, state, and municipal – to help you stay ahead of the game, and to maximize your financial benefits from these rules or incentives. For example, for the New York City rules, CCES has the certified energy professionals the law requires to perform the various elements, and the experience to perform these technical assessments to ensure compliance and long-term cost savings. Contact us today at 914-584-6720 or at

Recent CAA Settlement Requires Payment for Outside Air Reductions

In September of 2013, HA Industries of Oregon, IL, a manufacturer of coatings and resin-coated sands, settled charges that it violated the Clean Air Act. No big deal here. This happens all the time. Like many such companies, this settlement requires HA Industries to install advanced technologies to reduce the facility’s emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) by about 92% and PM emissions. They will also pay a $100,000 civil penalty. Again, nothing unusual here. Very typical.

However, what makes this settlement unique is that the USEPA is also requiring HA Industries to invest an additional $100,000 in environmental projects at outside local facilities, including over $50,000 at two schools that were impacted by their emissions.

Oregon High School and the Creston School will have their heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems upgraded so that there will be improved energy efficiency and reduced emissions of asthma triggering compounds paid for by HA International.

Following complaints from Oregon area residents about a persistent odor from HA International, the USEPA inspected the facility and required testing of emissions from the company’s production lines. Test results showed that emissions of VOCs, primarily the hazardous air pollutants phenol and formaldehyde, exceeded applicable limits and that formaldehyde, a probable human carcinogen, presented a potential health risk.

While the USEPA could have just issued the civil penalty and required the facility to demonstrate that it met all applicable air emission and health-based limits, the agency went further, requiring HA Industries to pay reparations to the impacted local population by investing in emission reductions at other local facilities, such as the schools, benefiting children particularly potentially impacted by the formaldehyde and PM emissions. In addition, the entire region (school taxpayers) benefit from the upgrade in energy efficiency and reduction in emissions from the school buildings.

Some companies reach out to the community and assist other facilities as being a good neighbor. But rarely has it been mandated before. This is being followed and may be a new trend in enforcement. While HA Industries cannot be pleased to spend extra money in this way, they can eventually take credit for positive community outreach once any level of local anger dissipates.

CCES has the experience and experts to help you determine whether your facility potentially violates any Clean Air Act rules. We can determine the most reliable and economic way to reduce emissions and lessen any potential health impact. Contact us at 914-584-6720 or at

Fed. Agencies Promote CHP for Energy Resiliency

According to a recent guide issued by the US DOE, the USEPA, and the Dept of Housing & Urban Development, many critical building types should be able to generate their own power and, therefore, operate combined heat & power (CHP, also known as cogen or cogeneration). This is a great hedge for resiliency and maintaining operations, preventing the loss of critical data or other damage.

The guide: presents factors to consider when planning a CHP to operate in an emergency.

While most furnaces produce either hot water or electricity, CHP units produce both simultaneously from its combustion activity. Overall, this is a more efficient use of fuel than purchasing electricity from the grid and burning fuel on-site furnace for thermal energy, and provides a critical source of back-up power in case of a severe storm or other reason the utility cannot deliver electricity.

The report says that buildings that should consider using CHP include hospitals, water treatment/sanitary facilities, nursing homes, prisons, places of refuge, and certain multifamily housing. I can speak of this issue personally. My father lived in an assisted living home, and it lost power during an extreme heat wave, with no backup power. The staff worked extremely hard and the residents were severely stressed and impacted by being brought down the stairs in a hot, humid, dark building to waiting not-so-cool buses to take them to other appropriate buildings which had power. Properly operated CHP systems can effectively prevent a failure by the utility from impacting such facilities, resulting in continuity of critical and normal services, saving quite an inconvenience.

In order to operate during an electricity outage, CHP must have the following features:

1. Independent start capability: a CHP system needs to be able to start reliably when receiving an electrical signal from a battery or other non-grid source when the grid is down. Electricity generated must be kept from being exported to the grid; otherwise, there is safety issue for the utility workers trying to repair the power failure.

2. Appropriate generating capacity: The output of the CHP system must match the critical needs of the facility. During the design phase, the system must be sized to generate enough electricity for critical functions, such as medical, refrigeration, and certain equipment. CHP size limits means certain functions will not be maintained during an emergency. Decisions may be made based on building worst-case needs.

Of course, CHP is not cheap, may have a long payback, and needs dedicated, regular training and operation to ensure it will work in an emergency. But in preparing for the next “Sandy”, CHP may be invaluable to protect your equipment, data, and functions.

CCES has the experts to help you plan a CHP system or any other emergency or be more resilient. Contact us at or at 914-584-6720 today.